Plaque is a colourless, sticky substance produced by bacteria that builds-up on teeth and gums. Although plaque presence is natural, failing to brush regularly allows it to accumulate forming a whitish coating that can cause cavities, gum disease and bad breath.
After a period of time, plaque hardens into tartar or dental calculus, which forms a rough surface on top of your teeth, helping plaque to accumulate and leading to very harmful consequences for your dental health.
HARMFUL EFFECTS OF PLAQUE
1) DECAY. The process of tooth decay begins when accumulated plaque breaks down food particles to produce acids that make teeth vulnerable. When the calcium in the tooth enamel has been repeatedly destroyed by those acids, it cannot resume its remineralisation process and a cavity forms in the tooth. Dental hygiene treatment helps getting rid of the tartar and most resistant plaque that can’t be reached with the toothbrush before decay occurs.
2) GUM DISEASE. When plaque is not properly removed on a daily basis, the gums and other tissues supporting teeth can become infected. Red, swollen and bleeding gums are the first signs of gingivitis, which is an inflammation of the gums due to bacteria and plaque acid production.
If gingivitis is not treated, it may evolve to periodontitis, which is a severe inflammation that destroys the gums and other supporting structures such as the jawbone.
3) ACHE, ABSCESS AND BAD BREATH. Severe decay allows bacteria to infect the core of teeth, creating an abscess or accumulation of pus that can cause acute toothache. The proliferation of pus, decay and gum disease can cause you to suffer bad breath.
4) UNAPPEALING TEETH. As periodontitis causes the gums to recede and decay makes teeth look darkened and irregular, it is important to remove plaque before it becomes tartar. Also, dental calculus is easily stained by foods, drinks and tobacco, which has a very unpleasant effect on the appearance of teeth.
5) TOOTH LOSS. Tooth decay, abscesses and gum disease damage the inside of the teeth and its supporting structures. This makes the teeth become loose and, eventually, to fall out. Missing teeth make you more prone to decay and your facial structures more likely to wear out, dramatically changing your appearance. In order to avoid this, Perfect Smile offers the best tooth replacement treatment in Putney, in a modern, fully digital clinic open 7 days a week. If the missing tooth have caused misalignment issues, you can choose to undergo orthodontic treatment once your tooth has been replaced. Call us to get Perfect Smile by Invisalign in London: we have the best prices so the cost of clear braces isn’t an obstacle on your way to a brilliant smile!
Plaque and its negative effects can be prevented with a good dental hygiene routine and regular visits to the dentist and hygienist.