Orthodontic dentistry is nowadays able to treat and correct several kinds of dental problems that affect most of the population.
The goal of modern orthodontics is to deliver on the promise to straighten patients’ teeth and make their smiles more beautiful. In order to do that, there is a variety of treatment approaches that allows orthodontists to work with your teeth and oral cavity structure to try to achieve the desired results. In most cases, orthodontic treatments are used to correct misalignment and malocclusion problems, which not only affect the aesthetic look of teeth but also its performance and wellbeing.
Malocclusion and misalignment correction procedures often involve the use of a number of dental devices, such as braces, palate expanders, headgear and some other orthodontic appliances. Sometimes, jaw surgery may be required to solve very complex cases.
There are five main orthodontic approaches in dentistry to treat malocclusion and correct misalignment:
PREVENTIVE ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT. To provide a favourable condition for the eruption of permanent teeth, orthodontists may have to perform some preventive procedures such as the extraction of a primary tooth that distracts the eruption of a permanent one, or the use of space holders to prevent misalignment in case of tooth loss when the patient is too young for a tooth implant.
INTERCEPTIC ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT. Also known as Phase I treatment, it is performed in an early age to prevent the development of severe dental problems over time, eliminating the cause of these problems or reducing its severity through growth modification.
INCLUSIVE ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT. Its goal is the correction of an existing dental problem, such as restoring the bite of teeth using orthodontic braces to gradually move teeth into their right positions. The treatment may consist of one or several phases and may include a range of orthodontic treatments, such as wires and brackets, mouth guards or clear braces, depending on the nature of both the problem and the patient.
SURGICAL ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT. It is aimed to treat jaw and tooth abnormalities that cannot be treated by the previous procedures. Protruding or recessed upper or lower jaws, for example, may need surgical intervention. These sorts of procedures are performed by an oral surgeon in coordination with the treatment plan provided by the orthodontist.
REMOVAL ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT. In the event that there is insufficient space in the mouth for all the teeth to fit properly, one or more permanent teeth might have to be extracted in order to create enough space for the rest.
Whichever you case as a patient is, a qualified orthodontist will advise on what is the nature of your dental problem, which are the options to correct it, what will be done to you during the procedure you have chosen, and which sort of aftercare you have to perform to grant the success of the procedure.
It is good to remember that an early treatment in orthodontics always increases its chances of success and permanency.