Although many people is frightened about having their wisdom teeth extracted, the procedure can be a great relief to everyday pain
Commonly known as wisdom teeth, the four last molars situated at both ends of the upper and lower jaws are supposed to appear between the late teenage years and the early twenties. However, these teeth do not often rise beyond the gum line, but remain impacted in the jaw, causing great discomfort and even inflammation when left untreated.
Whenever wisdom teeth remain impacted or become a threat to the position or health of the other teeth in the oral cavity, dentists recommend them to be extracted. Extraction by a dentist or surgeon eliminates the ache and the risk wisdom teeth may lead to, prescribing sedation or anaesthesia to minimize the discomfort and pain of the procedure.
Before deciding on whether to have wisdom teeth extracted, it is essential to gather all dental treatment information available to make a good choice. There are, usually, five steps to bear in mind regarding a wisdom tooth extraction procedure:
After the consultation when the dentist recommends an extraction of your wisdom teeth, an appointment is set to perform the procedure. Before it begins, the dentist numbs the gum and teeth area with anaesthesia to prepare them for the extraction.
Using a pair of forceps, the dentist rocks the tooth back and forth, gradually loosening it from the bone.
To complete the extraction, the dentist often removes excess gum tissue. In extreme cases, he may need to cut the impacted teeth into smaller pieces or to take out bone particles that may be covering the tooth to ease the extraction process.
Once the tooth has been dislodged, if the patient needs stitches, the dentist will decide between those which dissolve after some time or the ones that require manual removal after several days.
When the process is over, cotton gauze is placed over the wound to stop the bleeding.
After the extraction a blood clot forms where the tooth was. It is essential for patients not to remove the clot, as it aids the wound to heal and prevents form developing dry socket condition, a very painful and dangerous condition, which slows and even stops the healing process.
Some swelling and light bleeding are common to occur within the next couple of days after the extraction, so patients are advised to take painkillers and antibiotics. They are also meant to keep changing the cotton gauze covering the wound several times during these days for a better healing. Dentists recommend following this advice, both for wisdom teeth extractions and teeth implants, as well as not to expose the wound in order to avoid complications during the healing process and to prevent food particles from entering the gum area and causing infections.
Optimal care of wounds after dental treatment lowers the risk of inflammation and infection and improves the effectiveness of the procedure