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Dental Surgery Terms Beginning With 'B'

Baby bottle mouth
Term used by some dentists to describe the mouth of a child that has been sent to bed frequently with a bottle, resulting in tooth decay when the bottle contains sugared drinks.

Baby bottle tooth decay
Decay in infants and children, often affecting the upper front teeth, caused by sweetened liquids given and left clinging to the teeth for long periods. The bacteria caused by the long exposure to these liquids mixes with the sugar forming a type of acid that eats through the enamel and makes cavities.

Bicuspid
The fourth and fifth teeth from the centre to the back of the mouth, in front of the molars, that are used for chewing. They only have two cusps or pointed areas, whereas molars have four. Adults have eight bicuspids, two in front of each group of molars.

Bite
The relationship of the upper and lower teeth upon closure.

Bitewing X-ray
A radiograph that shows the biting surfaces of the upper and lower teeth on one film to help dentists detect cavities between the teeth.

Bleaching
A cosmetic dental procedure consisting of a chemical or laser treatment that uses peroxide to produce a whitening effect on teeth.

Bonding
A process in which tooth coloured materials are bonded to the tooth (covering its surface) in order to repair or improve the appearance of a badly stained, broken or chipped tooth.

Bone resorption
A decrease in the amount of jaw bone supporting the roots of tooth, which is usually a result of gum disease.

Braces
Orthodontic devices placed in the teeth to gradually straighten and or reposition them.

Bridge
A dental appliance permanently cemented onto adjacent teeth to replace one or more missing teeth.

Bruxism
The grinding, clenching or gnashing of the teeth, commonly during sleep, resulting in jaw disorders, jaw pain, soreness, earaches, headaches, damaged teeth and other problems. It can lead to sleeping, eating and TMJ (temporomandibular joint) problems.