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Dental Surgery Terms Beginning With 'S'

Saliva
The clear, lubricating fluid in the mouth containing water, enzymes, bacteria, mucus, viruses, blood cells and undigested food particles.

Scaling
The act of performing a nonsurgical deep cleaning procedure to remove plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line.

Sealant
A clear and protective coating that is applied to the biting surfaces of the back teeth to protect them from decay by shielding against bacteria and plaque. It is most commonly placed on children’s permanent teeth because of their proneness to cavities.

Sedative
A medication used to reduce pain and anxiety on patients.

Shaping
The process of reshaping a tooth by filling or removing some of the enamel.

Soft palate
The back one-third of the roof of the mouth composed of soft tissue.

Space maintainer
A dental device that holds the space lost through premature loss of primary teeth.

Stains
Extrinsic stains are those located on the outside of the tooth surface that can usually be removed by polishing the teeth with an abrasive cleaning paste. They are usually caused by external substances (tobacco, coffee, tea, food). Intrinsic stains are permanent and irremovable, caused by the ingestion of certain materials or by chemical substances during the development of the teeth, as well as by the presence of caries.

Stomatitis
An inflammation of the tissue underlying a denture due to poor dental hygiene or a build-up of certain fungus.