Teeth straightening or orthodontics are usually practiced during the teenage years, while teeth are still growing. Adult teeth straightening treatment is available and is very popular but it takes longer so it is a good idea to think about it from an early age.
Orthodontic or teeth straightening treatment can focus on crooked teeth or displacement, or can deal with the control and manipulation of facial growth.
Orthodontic treatment can be carried out to improving the general appearance of patients’ teeth but treatment can also be prescribed for practical functionality including improving the bite.
Orthodontic treatment of crowded teeth; the canine is being pulled down into proper position with highly flexible co-axial wire.
After 10 months of fixed orthodontic treatment. Further treatment is necessary to correct the bite.
If the main goal of the treatment is to straighten crooked or misaligned teeth, most commonly a fixed multi bracket therapy is used. In this case orthodontic wires are inserted into dental braces, which can be made from stainless steel or a more attractive ceramic material.
Removable appliances, or “plates”, headgear, expansion appliances and many other orthodontic devices can be used to move teeth. Functional and orthopedics appliances are used in growing patients (age 5 to 13) with the aim to modify the jaw dimensions and relationship if these are altered. This therapy is frequently followed by a fixed multi bracket therapy to align the teeth.
After orthodontic treatment, patients will often wear retainers, which will maintain the teeth in their improved position while the surrounding bone reforms around them. The retainers are generally worn full-time for a short period, perhaps 6 months to a year and then worn periodically (typically nightly during sleep) for as long as the orthodontist recommends.